List of Publications

Publications from this project

van Nijf, O. M. and Sam van Dijk (in press). Experiencing Roman power at Greek contests: Romaia in the Greek festival network. K. Berthelot ed. Regarding Roman Power: Imperial rule in the eyes of Greeks, Romans, Jews and Christians, Rome, Ecole française de Rome.

van Nijf, O.M. and C.G. Williamson (2016) 'Connecting the Greeks. Festival networks in the Hellenistic world', in: C. Mann, S. Remijsen and S. Scharff eds, Athletics in the Hellenistic world, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 43-71.

van Nijf, O.M. and C.G. Williamson (2015) 'Re-inventing traditions. Connecting contests in the Hellenistic and Roman worlds', in: D. Boschung, A. Busch and M.J. Versluys eds, Reinventing 'The Invention of Tradition'? Indigenous pasts and the Roman present, Morphomata 32, Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 95-111.

van Nijf, O.M. and C.G. Williamson (2013) 'Netwerken, panhelleense festivals en de globalisering van de Hellenistische wereld', Groniek. Historisch Tijdschrift 200, 253-265.

Other related publications from team members

Williamson, C.G. (forthcoming) 'Hera on the mountain. Complexities of the cult of Zeus at Panamara under Stratonikeia', in: H. Bumke, J. Breder and I. Kaiser eds, Kulte im Kult, Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh.

Williamson, C.G. (2015) 'Sacred way (Greek world)', in The Encyclopedia of Ancient History, Wiley Online Library.

van Nijf, O.M. (2013) 'Ceremonies, athletics and the city. Some remarks on the social imaginary of the Greek city of the Hellenistic period', in: E. Stavrianopoulou ed. Shifting social imaginaries in the Hellenistic period. Narrations, practices, and images, Leiden: Brill, 311-338.

Williamson, C.G. (2013) 'Public space beyond the city. The sanctuaries of Labraunda and Sinuri in the chora of Mylasa', in: C.P. Dickenson and O.M. van Nijf eds, Public space in the postclassical city, Caeculus. Papers on Mediterranean Archaeology and Greek and Roman Studies, 7, Leuven: Peeters, 1-36.

Williamson, C.G. (2013) 'Civic producers at Stratonikeia. The priesthoods of Hekate at Lagina and Zeus at Panamara', in: M. Horster and A. Klöckner eds, Cities and Priests. Cult personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial period, Religionsgeschichtliche Versuche und Vorarbeiten 64, Berlin: De Gruyter, 209-245.

Williamson, C.G. (2012) City and sanctuary in Hellenistic Asia Minor. Constructing civic identity in the sacred landscapes of Mylasa and Stratonikeia in Karia, PhD diss. University of Groningen.

van Nijf, O.M. (2012) 'Political games', in: L'organisation des spectacles dans le monde romain, Entretiens sur l'antiquite classique 58, Genève: Fondation Hardt, 47-95.

van Nijf, O.M. (2010) 'Athletics, festivals and Greek identity in the Roman East', in: J. König ed. Greek athletics, Edinburg: Edinburg University Press, 175-197.

van Nijf, O.M. (2008) 'Steden, feesten en identiteit in de wereld na Alexander. De Griekse polis na Alexander: ondergang of bloei?', Groniek. Historische Tijdschrift, 39-53.

van Nijf, O.M. (2006) 'Global players. Athletes and performers in the Hellenistic and Roman world', in: I. Nielsen ed. Between cult and society. The cosmopolitan centres of the ancient Mediterranean as setting for activities of religious associations and religious communities, Hamburg: 225-235.

van Nijf, O.M. (2003) 'Athletics and paideia. Festivals and physical education in the world of the Second Sophistic', in: B.E. Borg ed. Paideia: the World of the Second Sophistic, Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 203-228.

van Nijf, O.M. (1999) 'Athletics, festivals and Greek identity in the Roman East', PCPhS 45, 176-200.

Recent Posts

  • New content! Organizers and competitors in Boiotian contests centred on Rome

    The newest addition to the database includes ca. 150 competitors in and organizers of some Boiotian contests associated with the presence of Rome, that were being organized in the second and first centuries BCE: the Amphiaraia kai Rhomaia in Oropos, the Rhomaia in Thebes, and the alleged Erotideia kai Rhomaia in Thespiai. Like other contemporaries, the Boiotians seem to have used their association with Rome through these contests to claim their status in a rapidly changing world.   

  • CfP - Rooted Cities, Wandering Gods: Inter-Urban Religious Interaction

    We are proud to announce that the members of the Connecting the Greeks project are organising a conference on inter-urban religious contacts, to take place (hopefully in person!) at Groningen in the autumn of 2021. We invite anyone interested in cities, religious practices, and the ties between them to submit an abstract – you can read all about the conference theme and confirmed speakers in the full call for papers. 

  • New content! Competitors associated with Hellenistic dynasties

    Over the winter we’ve added a miscellany of competitors associated with the royal dynasties of the Hellenistic world. These range from actual royalty (the Ptolemies in particular were very fond of chariot-racing) to Greeks who came to take part in the new contests established by rulers eager for recognition and cultural authority. Particularly notable is Arsinoe II (Person ID 4178) - successively married to two of the most powerful rulers in the Hellenistic world and the first woman in Greek history to be declared a god, she won three races at the same Olympic festival in 272 BC. Also fun is an unnamed actor from Tegea (Person ID 4202). Known for outstanding performances in tragedies, he also managed to win a boxing contest at the newly-founded Ptolemaia festival at Alexandria. It’s still uncertain whether this means that the quality of the new competition was low, or whether he simply got very lucky!

  • Caldelli's Capitolian victors online

    All victors and participants collected by Caldelli (L'Agon Capitolinus. Storia e protagonisti dall'istituzione domizianea al IV secolo, 1993) have been added to the Connected Contests database. Find out all about the strange story of Herakleides, whose dream that he butchered the audience and judges during his performance meant that he would lose - which he did (event ID 30166). Or about the enormously successful Marcus Aurelius Asklepiades (person ID 656), a.k.a. Hermodoros, who quit boxing in his prime (he was 25) because of 'dangers and envious people' in IG XIV 1102. 

  • Spatial Data Support awarded to the Deep-Mapping Sanctuaries project

    Christina Williamson's project 'Deep-Mapping Sanctuaries', a subproject of 'Connecting the Greeks', is the recipient of a competitive call for 5 days of support from the Geo-services at the University of Groningen. As a pilot, this support will focus on mapping the experiences of Aelius Aristides in the Asklepieion in Pergamon. See also:






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